2011 INTRODUCTION by Mick Morry

* Gallipoli  (Mick Morry 2011 intro0  Tet (Velvet Onyx x Shores Of Time) sib 2)

height 32", bloom 6", season M,  Rebloom, Dormant, Tetraploid, 17 buds, 4 branches.

 Rich magenta with prominent deeper veining and pale mauve blue eye above bright green throat

DBL FAN  $75

My Great Grandfather's baptism of fire in the Great War was at The
Gallipoli campaign which was also the baptism of fire for the Anzac troops from Australia and New Zealand.
Gallipoli was not as much a battle as it wass a
series of daily happened in many engagements of the First
World War. Days turned into weeks of stalemate with horrific
casualties being inflicted to both sides. The battles that made up
the Gallipoli campaign began in February 1915 with an unsuccessful
naval attempt to force a passage up the Dardenelles. The flotilla
retreated after sustaining heavy damage from Turkish guns lining both
shores and from mines strewn across the channel.

In April, a landing on the Gallipoli Penninsula attempted to secure
the shores and silence the Turkish guns. Trouble brewed from the
beginning. Amphibious operations were a new and unperfected form of
warfare leading to poor communications, troop deployment and supply.
The Turks entrenched themselves on the high ground pouring artillery
and machine gun fire down upon the hapless Australian, New Zealand,
Irish, French and British, including the Royal Newfoundland Regiment's
troops below. The battleground soon resembled that of the Western
Front - both sides peering at each other from fortified trenches,
forced to spill their precious blood in futile frontal attacks on well
defended positions. The stalemate continued through the fall of 1915
until British forces withdrew at the end of the year.

Casualties were high - approximately 252,000 or 52% for the
British/French while the Ottoman Turks suffered about 300,000
casualties or a rate of 60%. The failed campaign gained little and
badly tarnished both Sir Winston Churchill's and Lord Kitchener's reputations.
Churchill only redeemed himself with his masterful leadership of England in World War 2.

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